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Zhengtian New Materials Technology Co., LTD. | Satisfacer las diversas demandas de productos para sustratos cerámicos-Co-cocción y molienda

Satisfacer las demandas de productos diversificados para sustratos cerámicos-Cocción y esmerilado


The rapid advancement of contemporary technology accentuates the pivotal role of ceramic substrates as the cornerstone of technological progress, underscoring their indispensable significance. Whether in the realms of electronics, automotive engineering, or medical applications, ceramic substrates assume critical roles owing to their outstanding performance and versatile applications.

Particularly noteworthy is the emergence of new materials, such as aluminum nitride ceramics and silicon nitride ceramics, which have significantly enhanced the performance of ceramic substrates. These materials exhibit heightened thermal conductivity and lower dielectric constants, thereby rendering ceramic substrates exceptionally proficient in high-frequency and high-power applications.

Our company specializes in the production of ceramic substrates fabricated from silicon nitride (Si3N4) and aluminum nitride (AlN). We are dedicated to providing comprehensive services encompassing research and development, manufacturing, and sales, renowned for our advanced technology and innovative approaches. Equipped with state-of-the-art clean production facilities and a suite of specialized production and testing equipment, we ensure the quality and performance of our products.

Zhengtian New Materials Technology Co., LTD. | Satisfacer las diversas demandas de productos para sustratos cerámicos-Co-cocción y molienda

Figure.1 Product Specification

However, inherent material characteristics pose notable drawbacks for ceramic substrates in usage, including susceptibility to hydrolysis, inadequate strength and toughness, and brittleness. Evidently, these issues during the production process can lead to problems such as cracking, fracturing, or even breakage during sintering. Thus, the integration of new technologies is paramount for advancing the development of ceramic substrates.

Subsequently, we will delve into the specific characteristics of grinding and sintering technologies, as well as their differential applications in ceramic substrates.

01  Qualitative Questions and Application Challenges

The evolution of grinding technology traces back to ancient societies, originating from rudimentary polishing of simple products and now extensively pervading various aspects of contemporary life.

In antiquity, ceramic manufacturing was regarded as a craft, where artisans relied on primitive tools such as grindstones and abrasive wheels to manually grind ceramics, achieving desired shapes, surface smoothness, and precision. With the advancement of industrialization, traditional manual grinding gradually gave way to mechanical grinding. Technological advancements continually introduced automation and digitization into the grinding process, rendering grinding techniques more precise and efficient. With the increasing demand for precision in ceramic substrate processing, high-precision grinding technology has gradually become mainstream.

Grinding involves the gradual removal of uneven surface portions of a workpiece through the interaction between abrasive material and the workpiece, typically achieved through mechanical force or chemical action applied to the abrasive material.

The selection of abrasive material types and particle sizes is crucial for processing effectiveness during grinding. Common abrasives include grinding wheels, belts, and discs, with considerations for factors such as workpiece material, processing requirements, and surface precision. Additionally, parameter settings during grinding significantly influence processing effectiveness, encompassing abrasive type and particle size, contact pressure between abrasive and workpiece, grinding speed, and the utilization of cooling fluids.

Zhengtian New Materials Technology Co., LTD. | Satisfacer las diversas demandas de productos para sustratos cerámicos-Co-cocción y molienda

Figure.2 Grinding Ceramic Substrate

However, the limitations of grinding technology have somewhat restricted the application of ceramic substrates. Therefore, continuous efforts to seek breakthroughs are necessary, often requiring endeavors in the application of new technologies. By introducing new grinding materials, optimizing grinding parameter settings, and exploring advanced grinding processes, the constraints of grinding technology can be overcome, thereby propelling ceramic substrates to find new development opportunities in emerging fields.

02 The Application of Sintering Technology and the Innovation of Ceramic Substrates.

The origin of sintering technology is later than that of grinding technology, and compared with grinding technology, sintering technology requires more technological impetus. The modern application of sintering technology in ceramic substrates manifests numerous advantages:

Advancement of ceramic materials engineering: The development of sintering technology has propelled the advancement of ceramic materials engineering, making the material properties during the sintering process more controllable, including particle size, shape, and composition.

Precise control of the sintering process: The control of modern sintering processes is becoming increasingly refined. By controlling parameters such as temperature, pressure, and atmosphere, precise control of the sintering process of ceramic substrates is achieved, resulting in higher density and uniformity.

Zhengtian New Materials Technology Co., LTD. | Satisfacer las diversas demandas de productos para sustratos cerámicos-Co-cocción y molienda

Figure.3 Co-Firing Ceramic Substrate

Environmental protection and energy conservation: In response to the demands for environmental protection and energy conservation, researchers are exploring and developing environmentally friendly sintering technologies, such as microwave sintering and flash sintering, to reduce energy consumption and decrease exhaust emissions.

Digitization and automation: With the proliferation of digital technology, sintering processes are also evolving towards digitization and automation. Real-time monitoring and optimization of the sintering process are achieved through technologies such as sensors, data collection, and analysis.

Overall, modern sintering technology has become an indispensable and crucial part of the ceramic manufacturing process, continuously driving the development and innovation of the ceramic industry.

03 Which process is better?

Sintered ceramic substrates and grinding ceramic substrates are two widely used types in the field of ceramic materials, with significant differences in their preparation methods and final performance. When discussing their distinctions, it’s necessary to delve into their manufacturing processes, structural characteristics, and performance in practical applications.

Manufacturing process of sintered ceramic substrates: Sintered ceramic substrates are typically prepared by shaping ceramic powders at high temperatures and then sintering them to form granular or dense bodies. Each process is meticulously controlled, achieving smooth and flat surfaces using advanced equipment, thus eliminating the need for grinding and ensuring higher production efficiency.

Manufacturing process of grinding ceramic substrates: The preparation process of ground ceramic substrates is relatively straightforward, usually involving precise grinding of prepared ceramic blanks. After sintering, the surface is uneven, requiring grinding to meet customer specifications. Despite its complexity, longer production cycles, and higher processing costs, this method can achieve extremely high surface flatness and precision.

Performance comparison:The grinding process may disrupt the original crystal structure, resulting in lower strength, whereas sintered substrates typically exhibit higher density and mechanical strength, with lower risk of fracture.

Ground substrates are prone to fracture during processes such as heat dissipation, cutting pads, and laser cutting, whereas sintered substrates possess good heat resistance and corrosion resistance, suitable for applications requiring high strength and heat resistance.

Customer feedback indicates that the fracture rate of sintered substrates during use is significantly lower than that of ground substrates.

In summary, sintered ceramic substrates have advantages in production efficiency, cost, and mechanical performance, suitable for applications requiring high strength and heat resistance, such as packaging substrates, thermal management materials, and electronic ceramics. Meanwhile, ground ceramic substrates excel in surface quality and shape precision, typically used in applications requiring high-precision processing, such as optical lenses and semiconductor chip substrates.Grinding

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